Sir Tim Berners-Lee is a big deal as far as Internet fame goes since he invented the world wide web. He was working for CERN when he created the first web page, so now CERN is preserving his effort. To celebrate twenty years of the world wide web, CERN has preserved the original web page and the hardware and software used to create it.
On January 1, 1983 the Advanced Research Projects Agency Network (ARPANET) switched from using Network Control Protocol to Transmission Control Protocol and Internet Protocol, or TCP/IP. Although computers were being connected together since the 1960's in an early form of the Internet, the Net we know today was really made possible by TCP/IP. What does one get the Internet for it's birthday? Probably something from Amazon.
"Access to the Web is now a human right ... It's possible to live without the Web. It's not possible to live without water. But if you've got water, then the difference between somebody who is connected to the Web and is part of the information society, and someone who (is not) is growing bigger and bigger." --Tim Berners-Lee, creator of the World Wide Web, speaking at a recent MIT symposium. (via NetworkWorld. pic via Wikipedia)
In addition to being a successful environmental consultant, Mike Berners-Lee is, according to The Guardian, the brother of World Wide Web creator Tim Berners-Lee. So it seems fitting that, along with Guardian journo Duncan Clark, he's undertaken to calculate the carbon footprint of email. But email is all online, so it can't have an environmental impact, right? Not so: According to the pair, an average year's worth of email for a business user has a footprint of 135 kg of carbon: "over 1% of of a relatively green 10-tonne lifestyle and equivalent to driving 200 miles in an average car."
Yes, we know Hoover wasn't British.
On Monday, British Prime Minister Gordon Brown will announce a four year initiative to go paperless. That is, to make every possible interaction between British citizens and their government into something you can do online.
From the Times:
The aim is that within a year, everybody in the country should have a personalised website through which they would be able to find out about local services and do business with the Government. A unique identifier will allow citizens to apply for a place for their child at school, book a doctor’s appointment, claim benefits, get a new passport, pay council tax or register a car from their computer at home.
The savings on paper, postage, and physical government offices are expected to be in the billions.