All this has happened before...
When science comes to the matter of bestowing its rewards it should be blind to the mere accident of sex; and one does not have to be an enthusiast on the subject of the extension of the rights and privileges of her sex, to feel that here is a woman who, by her brilliant achievement, has won the right to take her place with her compeers in the Academy, or any similar institution devoted to the furthering of science. The scientific world will undoubtedly agree with Gaston Darboux, Secretary of the Academy of Sciences, in urging the right of Madame Curie to succeed to the position of which her late husband was next to the last occupant.
So says an editorial that ran in the January 21st, 1911 issue of Scientific American. This was a time when neither the US, or France allowed women the same democratic rights as men. Marie Curie, who had already won her first Nobel Prize, was the first female head of the physics laboratory at Sarbonne, a French citizen, and held both a doctorate and a professorship in the field, was denied entry to the French Academy of Sciences because of her gender, her nationality of birth and (false) rumors that she was Jewish.
Naturally, in response, Curie "would not allow her name to be resubmitted for nomination and wouldn’t let the Academy publish any of her work for a decade."
The editorial goes on: